Mozart &
Material Culture


Artist, architect and cousin of the Mozarts' Salzburg landlord, Johann Lorenz Hagenauer.  With the support of the Salzburg archbishop Sigmund Schrattenbach, Hagenauer studied at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts and the Accademia Clementina in Bologna; returning to Salzburg in 1761, he was appointed Hofstatuarius. From 1771 he worked for both the Munich and Viennese courts; in 1774 he was appointed director of the sculpture class at the Vienna Academy. 

Rosa Barducci, Johann Baptist Hagenauer, c1770 (SMCA).jpg

Rosa Barducci, Johann Baptist Hagenauer, c1770 (SMCA)

He married the Italian portraitist and wax modeller Maria Rosa Barducci (Florence, 1744–Vienna, 18 June 1786) on 26 November 1764. Her works included a portrait Mozart's mother, Anna Maria Mozart which was probably executed about 1775; Mozart tried to recover this portrait from Barducci shortly after his arrival in Vienna in 1781.


Johann Baptist Hagenauer, Kampf des Herkules mit Acheloos (Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna)

Mozart Relevance

Like his cousin Johann Lorenz Hagenauer, the Mozarts’ Salzburg landlord and friend, Johann Baptist Hagenauer was also close to the Mozart family. On 13 August 1763, Leopold Mozart wrote from Frankfurt to Johann Lorenz Hagenauer: 'We were exceptionally pleased to receive the newspaper that you sent us and read of the great honour that court sculptor Hagenauer has brought to the Salzburg court and to his friends.' In 1763, Hagenauer was awarded the Marsigli-Aldrovandi Prize of the Accademia Clementina, Bologna, for his terracotta relief, Kampf des Herkules mit Acheloos, now at the Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna; the struggle between Hercules and the river-god Achelous for the hand of Deianeira, daughter of King Oeneus of Calydon, is recounted in Ovid, Metamorphoses, IX:1-88. Mozart and his father probably saw the sculpture during their visit to Bologna in 1770; on 27 March 1770 Leopold wrote to his wife: 'We were at the Istituto [delle Scienze] and saw the beautiful statues by our court sculptor.'

family friend, artist, architect
Date 1
1732-06-22, Salzburg
Date 2
1811-09-10, Vienna
Date (Mozart)
Location (Mozart)
Bibliographic Reference
SML, 154-160; Barth, ‘Die Hagenauers. Ein Salzburger Bürgergeschlect aus Ainring’; Schuler, Mozarts Salzburger Freunde und Bekannte, 28-30