Mozart &
Material Culture


The businessman Siegmund Haffner d.Ä. (Jenbach/Tyrol, 1699-Salzburg, 12 January 1772) had established himself in Salzburg in 1733, expanding the family leather business to include textiles in general, gold, silver, banking and imports and exports; he was general tax collector in 1767, mayor of Salzburg from 1768-1772, and influential at court. His first marriage was to Anna Elisabeth Kaltenhauser (Salzburg, 1712-Salzburg- 25 December 1744); his second marriage, on 3 August 1745, was to Eleonore Apollonia Metzger (Salzburg, 5 March 1716-Salzburg, 2 June 1764). Haffner and Eleonore's children included Maria Anna, who in 1755 married the businessman Anton Triendl; Maria Theresia, who in 1762 married Franz Xaver Andreas Athanasius Weiser; Maria Eleonore, who in 1771 married Raimund Felix Atzwanger; Appolonia, who in 1773 married the businessman and spice merchant Andreas Wallner; and Maria Elisabeth, for whose wedding to the businessman Franz Xaver Anton Späth in 1776 Mozart composed the 'Haffner' serenade K250. Their son, Siegmund Haffner d.J. ((Salzburg, 30 September 1756-Salzburg, 24 June 1787) was not involved in the family business but took an active, philanthropic role in Salzburg, donating to the St. Johanns-Spital, the Bürgerspital, and the Franciscan, Capuchin and Theatine orders, among others. He was ennobled on 29 July 1782, for which occasion Mozart composed the 'Haffner' symphony K385


Sebastian Stief, Siegmund Haffner d.Ä., lithograph c1850

Mozart Relevance

The Haffners were close friends of the Mozarts in Salzburg. When Siegmund Haffner’s daughter Maria Elisabeth Haffner married Franz Xaver Späth on 22 July 1776, Mozart wrote the ‘Haffner’ serenade K250 (with its accompanying march K249) to celebrate the occasion; on 9 July 1782 Siegmund the younger was ennobled, for which occasion Mozart wrote what became the ‘Haffner’ symphony K385.